Propolis is a resinous mixture that bees collect from tree buds, sap flows, and other botanical sources. The bees use propolis to seal cracks and gaps in their hives, as well as to embalm any small animals or insects that enter the hive and can’t be removed.
Propolis has been used for centuries in traditional medicine, due to its potential health benefits. It contains a variety of compounds, including flavonoids, phenolic acids, and terpenes, that are believed to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial properties.
Propolis can be consumed in various forms, such as capsules, tinctures, and creams. It is also used as an ingredient in some health and beauty products, such as toothpaste, mouthwash, and skin creams.
While research on the health benefits of propolis is still ongoing, some studies suggest that it may have potential in treating a variety of conditions, such as cold sores, mouth ulcers, and skin infections. However, more research is needed to fully understand the effects of propolis on human health.
- Antibacterial and Antifungal Properties: Propolis contains a variety of compounds that have antimicrobial properties. Studies have shown that propolis can help to fight against a variety of bacteria and fungi, including those that cause infections such as staph and strep infections, as well as candida yeast infections.
- Anti-Inflammatory Properties: Propolis contains flavonoids and other compounds that have anti-inflammatory properties. This can help to reduce inflammation in the body, which can be helpful for conditions such as arthritis, asthma, and allergies.
- Immune System Support: Propolis has been found to have immunomodulatory effects, meaning it can help to regulate and support the immune system. It can also stimulate the production of certain immune cells, such as T cells and macrophages, which help to fight off infections and disease.
- Wound Healing: Propolis has been used for centuries as a natural remedy for wounds and burns. Studies have found that propolis can help to speed up the healing process and reduce the risk of infection.
- Oral Health: Propolis has been found to have a variety of benefits for oral health. It can help to reduce inflammation in the gums, fight against bacteria that cause gum disease and cavities, and even promote the regeneration of tooth enamel.
- Skin Health: Propolis has been found to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that can benefit the skin. It can help to reduce inflammation and redness, promote wound healing, and even help to improve the appearance of acne and other skin conditions.